In MATCHING INFORMATION QUESTIONS on the IELTS reading exam sometime it causes learners difficulty to realize that a question can be a summary or overview of some concrete example described in the text.

This question type forces the reader notice this correlation, often referring to real-life connections between things. 

This might be further exacerbated by difficult vocabulary, which can also mean that students might fail to recognize any important synonyms, meronyms, or hyponyms (e.g. subcategories).

To help them, you could raise their awareness of the reading SUB-SKILL of recognizing a concept through its example.

Fruit > apple. 

Now can YOU think of another example for a ‘bigger/smaller’ category synonym that might trip students up?

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